When you cut yourself, clotting prevents you from bleeding out. However, your blood should not clot as it flows through your veins. These clots have the potential to develop and move through the circulation to your heart, lungs, or brain. A heart attack, stroke, or even death might result from this.
Coagulation tests assess the speed and consistency of blood clotting. Your doctor can use testing to determine your risk of excessive bleeding or the occurrence of clots (thrombosis) in the arteries.
What Is A Coagulation Profile Test Used For?
Excessive bleeding or clotting can result from clotting problems. Your doctor may suggest one or more coagulation tests if they suspect you suffer from a clotting disease. These tests assess the functionality of different proteins. Liver disease, thrombophilia, excessive clotting, and hemophilia, an inability to clot normally, are conditions that can cause coagulation issues. Monitoring patients who take drugs that impact clotting ability can be done with the use of coagulation tests. Before surgery, coagulation testing is mandatory.
Various Types of Coagulation Tests
There are a few types of coagulation tests. Let us understand them one by one:
Thorough blood count
A Complete Blood Count (CBC) may be required as part of your standard physical by your doctor. The test results can inform your doctor if you have anemia or a low platelet count, which might affect your ability to clot.
Factor V assay
This examination measures Factor V, a clotting factor. Disseminated intravascular coagulation, primary fibrinolysis, and liver disease can be indicated by deficient levels (DIC).
This examination measures how soon the tiny blood vessels in your skin cease bleeding and seal. In comparison to other blood tests, it happens differently. A blood pressure cuff will be inflated on your upper arm. Your lower arm will receive some minor incisions from the doctor. Most of the time, the wounds will feel like scratches and won’t be that deep.
Once the cuff has deflated, your doctor will take it off and apply blotting paper to the cuts for 30 seconds until the bleeding stops. Typically, bleeding lasts for one to nine minutes. The test is regarded as safe and has low risks or adverse effects.
How is a test for the coagulation profile test carried out?
Blood is used in the coagulation profile test. A few milliliters of blood is taken from the veins.
Before the test, you might need to stop using drugs. The lab technician will sterilize your elbow or the back of your hand and puncture a vein with a needle. Your healthcare provider will then take out the blood from your vein. The next step is to bandage the puncture site.
Given that readings may vary from one laboratory to another, it would be beneficial to ask your doctor to explain the findings. After your doctor receives the results of blood testing, he shall examine the same. The type of clotting disease you have will determine the treatment and remedial processes.