What are Blood clots: How are blood clots diagnosed?

How do you identify blood clots?

Blood clots can be described as different-sized blood clumps that have formed within your body. Clotting is essential to stop excessive bleeding in the event of being injured or having a cut. If the blood clot is able to block the flow of blood to vital regions in your body, it could be dangerous, or even fatal. Blood clots may occur in your legs and arms as well as in your abdomen (stomach) as well as blood clot in brain, lungs, heart, and kidneys.

There are two kinds of blood clots. They are clots that stay stationary and do not change (thrombosis) and ones that break off from the place where they formed and spread into different parts of the body (embolism). Based on the type of clot it blocks or is moving, a blood clot may be fatal.

The symptoms of a blood clot

The symptoms differ based on the location where the blood clot is. In the event that the clot has formed located in the legs or your arms, it could cause discomfort (that is like a severe cramp) as well as swelling and tenderness. The skin could appear red and warm at the point on the spot where the clot has formed. When the blood clot is located in the abdomen, you may be suffering from stomach pain that is severe nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

Blood clots that travel to the heart cause a hefty sensation of chest pain and lower body area, shortness of breath nausea, sweating, and lightheadedness. If the clot spreads to your lungs, then you might experience sharp chest pain and a heart that is racing, and shortness of breath. You may also experience sweating and fever. It is possible to cough up blood. A blood clot within the brain could cause weakness in your arms, face, or legs, as well as speech and visual problems, headaches, and dizziness. A lot of these symptoms are signs of other ailments including stroke and heart attack, stroke.

If you suspect an undiagnosed blood clot, visit your doctor right away.

What is the cause of blood clots?

The body reacts to cut or injuries by clotting the blood as it should. Clots of this type aren’t considered to be a problem. Sometimes, blood clots form without the need for a trigger (such as cuts or an injury). It is more likely to be the case in certain circumstances or risk factors. Risk factors include:

  • Long-term sitting (often it is the case when you have to sit for long periods of time in the train, an airplane or even an automobile)
  • Extended bed rest (often is the case following an operation or an illness)
  • Pregnancy
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • Birth Control pills, hormone replacement therapy and treatment for breast cancer medications
  • Certain types of cancer (pancreatic lung, pancreatic, myeloma as well as blood-related cancers)
  • Trauma (serious injury)
  • A few types of major surgeries
  • Age (especially older than 60)
  • Family history with blood clots
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Chronic inflammation is a cause of chronic illness.
  • Certain diseases ( HIV/ AIDS, Hepatitis C, and Lyme disease)

How do you diagnose blood clots?

If you visit your doctor’s office or to an emergency room, your doctor will look at the symptoms. The doctor will also inquire with your questions about the medical conditions you suffer from, your family’s medical history, as well as the medications you’re taking. The doctor might require a blood test that they take to the laboratory. A blood test can also identify an autoimmune disorder or a variety of infections. The test is performed by inserting a tiny needle through a vein on your arm, to take the blood sample. There are many tests performed by a lab to test for abnormal clotting and antibody levels that hinder the process of clotting.

How can blood clots be prevented or avoided?

Blood clots are extremely preventable. To prevent or stop a blood clot your risk factors for yourself and reduce the risks you face. For example, if smoke, you should stop. If you’re overweight Lose weight. If you use Birth Control pills speak with your doctor for a more effective solution. If you’re not active and want to get active, do it. If you’ve got a family blood clots history, discuss it with your doctor. Your doctor will determine if you should take blood-thinning medication to avoid blood clots.

There are many situations that increase your risk of developing blood clots. They include:

  • If you are expecting, be sure to tell your doctor.
  • In case you’re immobile, you’ll be
  • After having had major surgery, you should be aware of
  • If you are diagnosed with cancer

Treatment for blood clots

A blood clot can be treated according to the location it is. Oral blood thinners are the most frequently used treatment to treat blood clots. Certain medicines are administered via catheters (a long thin tube) placed into the location where the blood clot is. Certain clots may be removed surgically. Discuss with your doctor when you’re pregnant. Certain medicines could pose risks to the unborn baby. If your blood clot occurs caused by an infection, your doctor might be in a position to treat the infection and decrease the possibility of an ensuing blood clot.

People who live with blood clots

If caught early enough, an enlargement of blood can be treated effectively. If it wasn’t treated in time, the quality of your life will be affected by the severity of the injury. A blood clot could cause stroke and even death. If you’ve been able to overcome the effects of a blood clot and are now living in fear of another. In this scenario dealing with blood clots requires focusing on prevention. If you’re being treated with medicines for stroke recovery treatment, You must be cautious not to hurt yourself (even shaving). The medication can cause problems in stopping bleeding.

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