Cloud computing is revolutionizing data storage for healthcare firms that manage a lot of patient records, including particularly sensitive data. When compared to the traditional paper-storage period, cloud technology in healthcare reduces the cost of data storage, makes patient data easily accessible, and enhances patient privacy. This has inexorably increased the use of cloud technology in the healthcare industry. As per Researchers and Markets, the market for cloud security healthcare technology in healthcare is expected to reach $92 billion or more by 2027.
However, there are now significant cybersecurity risks due to the growing use of cloud computing in healthcare. Information about medicine is far more valuable than financial data. However, despite their tremendous duty, the majority of healthcare facilities fall short when it comes to data protection. This article examines the challenges the healthcare industry faces in securing the cloud and suggests workable security improvements.
Attacks by Malware Ransomware
Ransomware attacks have arose as one of the greatest severe cybersecurity worries in recent years. Three DCH infirmaries in Alabama were the targets of one of the most severe attacks in recent memory. The medical system eventually managed to reclaim its files from the intruders, but only after paying an unknown quantity of money. As per the 2019 Verizon Data Breach Investigation Report (DBI Ransomware was the primary form of malware used against healthcare organizations last year, accounting for nearly 70% of all assaults.
It is incorrect to assume that these assaults exclusively impact significant healthcare institutions. The RiskIQ report Ransomware in the Health Sector 2020 states that smaller medical facilities and hospitals are frequently attacked. They have the smallest security budgets and resources, making them easy pickings for attackers. Without official statistics, experts predict that at least 85% of small or medium-sized hospitals do not have even one employee responsible for IT security.
Data breaches and theft
At least 28 healthcare data thefts were disclosed so far in 2020. The Beaumont Health data breach affected more than 110,000 patients and was among the worst. The crucial point is that although the incident was reported this year, it occurred in the central of 2019. The circumstance that such a finding took so long to outward proves how subtle data breaches can be.
Based on the Protenus Breach Barometer, it takes a healthcare firm 224 days on average in 2019 to learn about a data breach. Compared to 2018, that was an improvement! Additionally, the financial impact of data breaches is most significant in the healthcare industry.
48% of data breaches were caused by internal threats, according to the 2020 Verizon DBIR. Internal threats continue to pose a serious concern to healthcare cybersecurity, even though the number is lower than the 59% found in the study from the prior year.
Employee mistakes and Phishing Attacks
Another perspective holds that insider threats extend beyond blatant illegal activity. They consist of careless employees who use an unsecured network to access the hospital system. They also include employees who let malware into the hospital system after falling for email phishing. Another security concern comes from the “curious” employee who is nosing about.
Third-Party Mistakes or Attacks
Hospitals frequently hire specialized companies to handle tasks like cleaning and security. If any of these indirect workers—contractors, business partners, etc.—have a connection to the hospital network, they might maliciously or unintentionally harm. These flaws frequently go unnoticed for extended periods.
For instance, a business colleague was responsible for the previous year’s most significant healthcare security breach. About 12 million patient records were in danger due to the American Medical Collection Agency attack. However, this number may be considerably higher.
Insecurity of Internet of (Medical) Things
Investigators and cybersecurity professionals have shown that most medical IoT devices now in use pose substantial cybersecurity threats and are simple entry points for attacks. Travel CAR A medical device’s average vulnerability count is 6.2. Cyber attackers find it simply because many of those have been used in hospitals and medical facilities for a long time (on average, over 20 years).
The delicacy of the information swapped makes cybersecurity in the healthcare industry a critical problem. Healthcare workers must directly increase their level of safety when they use cloud calculating techniques. Security substructure should be regularly assessed and advanced to match the most current international best practices. Having a security expert(s) evaluate your facilities for security issues and provide detailed guidance for improvement would be the first step in this process.