Guava Cultivation in India – Know the Complete Details

Guava fruit is the most familiar fruit in India, and it is a prolific bearer and quite hardy. Pectin and vitamin C are best found there. In addition, it provides a good source of calcium and phosphorus. The crop guava has a high commercial value and needs little upkeep. After mango, banana, and citrus, guava is the fourth most well-known crop. It can be grown across India. Maharashtra, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Orissa, and Tamilnadu are the major states for growing guava.

Steps of Guava Cultivation 

Here below, we defined the guava farming procedure. Yet, 

Guava farming requires that equipment, which plays a significant role in agriculture processing. Tools, harvesters and tractors are the main in cultivating guava; tractors play the leading role in carrying the attachment. If you have an orchard garden or need to work in hilly areas, you should use the Mini tractor. Similarly, you need a heavy hp range tractor if you have a large farm. 

Requirement of Suitable Location 

Farmers produce guava fruit all over India, and the total area of guava in the country is around 1.68 million tonnes. However, Uttar Pradesh is the most significant guava-producing state globally, and Allahabad has a reputation for growing guava and attaining the best guava in India.    

Soil Requirement 

Guava fruit is very hardy, and you can grow it on all kinds of soil, from lateral to alluvial. However, it is sensitive to waterlogging. Therefore, it can be grown in heavy yet draining soil. The ideal soils are deep, friable, and well-drained. You should keep the soils fertile for a better stand. For guava, the soil pH range should be 4.5 to 8.2, but alkaline and saline soils are unsuitable. For soil preparation, you need a suitable tractor with all kinds of attachments. 

Climatic Requirement

Farmers grow guava fruit in both tropical and subtropical climates. For the growth of guava plants, annual rainfall below 1000mm between June and September is the best. Young plants of guava are more susceptible to cold and drought conditions. Yield and quality improvement in regions with typical winter climates.

Guava Fruit Varieties

The most popular guava fruit cultivars are Allahabad Safeda, Harijha and Lucknow 49. Other varieties preferred by the farmers are Baruipur local, Banarasi etc. From the point of view of quality and yield, Lucknow-49 can be considered the most popular commercial cultivar. Various research institutes are making efforts to develop some new varieties and hybrids. IIHR, Bangalore has developed two soft-seeded improved varieties; Arka Amulya and Arka Mridula.  

Guava Tree Propagation

Guava fruit is propagated from seeds and also by vegetative methods. Seedling trees give fruit of variable quality and size, although such trees generally live longer. Botanical techniques like air layering, cutting, grafting and budding reproduce guava. Air layering has been seen as the most successful commercial method for guava. 

Cultivation Technology in Guava Fruit Farming

Planting Method of Guava

Before digging pits, choose the deeply ploughed field, cross plough, level and harrow. Before the monsoon, you should dig holes that are approximately 0.6 m x 0.6 m x 0.6 m in size. According to farmers, each pit should include 500 g of superphosphate and 20 kg of organic manure. In inferior soils, they should keep the larger pit size about 1 m x 1 m x 1 m and possibly add extra organic manures. In impoverished soil, the size of the pit may be larger, around 1 m x 1 m x 1 m, and additional organic manure might be required. The onset of the monsoon is the time to start planting.

Irrigation for Guava Plants

For guava plantations, typically, irrigation is not required. However, young guava plants need 8 to 10 irrigations a year in the early stage. Life-saving hand watering is necessary for the summer season in dry regions and on light soils. You require watering for full-grown-bearing trees from May to July at weekly intervals. In addition, you should do the irrigation during winter to reduce fruit drops and improve the fruit size of the winter crop. Drip irrigation has proved to be beneficial for guava farming. Besides saving 60% water, it substantially enhances the size and number of fruits. 

Fertilisation and Manuring 

For guava farming, farmers require inorganic fertilisers along with organic manures. Nutrient status, Soil type and leaf analysis can better indicate the nutrient requirement. You may apply the N:P: K @100, 40 and 40 g per plant year of age with stabilisation in the 6th year. You may use them in two equal split doses in January and August.  

With the guava farming information, farming requires essential equipment, which plays a significant role in agro-processing. Tractors are the main factor with attachment for every cultivation; Therefore, you should choose the 4×4 tractor for a better farming operation. These are 4-wheel drive tractors producing power through all 4 wheels. However, you can quickly check 4×4 tractor price online. 

For further information regarding guava cultivation in India, stay tuned with us.

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