Common Retinal Problems – All You Need To Know

The retina is the innermost layer of the eye, which contains numerous light-sensitive photoreceptor cells. These cells sense light and transform it into electrical impulses, which go through the optic nerve to the brain and result in sight. Retinal diseases impact the retina and often cause vision issues. Some of these retinal disorders can have little impact on a person’s eyesight, while others might even cause blindness.

Most retinal problems, however, may be preventable if an eye doctor detects the condition early and treats it appropriately. Read through the article to know all about Retinal disorders and retina specialists in Mumbai, Delhi and across the country.

What Are The Common Symptoms Of Retinal Problems?

Retinal disorders have become more common with age and greater exposure to harmful rays through screens. Nowadays, even small children have damaged their retinas and must get glasses. Some of the common symptoms of retinal disorders are as follows.

  • Sudden visual disturbances, such as floaters and flashes
  • Decreased vision
  • Double vision
  • Persistent eye pain
  • An eye infection
  • Eye trauma or injury
  • Frequent squinting
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Sudden blurry vision

It is highly recommended that young children and adults check their eyes regularly. And if they observe any symptoms or problems with their vision, get in touch with an eye specialist immediately.

Types of Retinal Disorders

  • Retinal tear – This happens due to a sudden flash of light, which breaks the gel-like substance known as the vitreous located in the centre of your eye in the retina.
  • Diabetic retinopathy – The small blood vessels (capillaries) in the back of your eye might weaken and leak fluid into and behind the retina if you have diabetes. This causes your vision to blur or distort.
  • Retinal detachment – A retinal detachment occurs when too much fluid collects behind the retina, causing separation. The appearance of floaters implies that retinal detachment is possible.
  • Epiretinal membrane – Epiretinal membranes are thin films that develop on the retina’s inner surface. It is mainly scar tissue from a medical ailment or accident.
  • Retinitis pigmentosa – Retinitis pigmentosa is a hereditary degenerative condition. It gradually damages the retina, resulting in night and side vision loss.
  • Macular hole – The most common cause of macular holes is ageing. Eye injuries can also cause macular holes. Macular holes, like retinal tears, are tiny fractures in the macula caused by tugging between the vitreous and the retina.
  • Macular degeneration – Macular degeneration is an age-related retinal condition that causes central vision loss and, as the condition progresses, blind spots.

Treatments And Preventive Measures For Retinal Problems

Treatment for retinal abnormalities varies according to the severity and kind of problem. Medication and vitamins may be used for surgery, laser treatments, and injections. Following are some ways through which you can prevent your eyes from distorting.

  • Changing your lifestyle could be the most impactful way to prevent retinal damage. Eating healthy food, having minimal exposure to harmful rays from digital devices and exercising daily could be some preventive measures.
  • You can also use sunglasses or protective eyewear to protect yourself from potential eye damage or injury that might lead to retinal issues.
  • Regular eye checkups.

Retina Specialists Across India

If you are looking for a retina specialist in Mumbai, Delhi or across the country, here is a list of the best eye doctors in India.

  1. Dr Sanjay Dhawan, Over 25 years of experience in Eye Surgery.

Available in:

  • Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
  • Max Multi Speciality Centre, Panchsheel Park
  • Max Hospital, Gurgaon
  1. Dr Prof. Harpreet Kapoor has 25 years of experience in Ophthalmology.

Available in:

  • Max Super Speciality Hospital, Mohali
  1. Dr. Ashok Raina, Specialist & Consultant for 35 years.

Available in:

  • Max Hospital, Gurgaon
  1. Dr Ivan Singh, Associate Director, Max Multi Speciality Centre, Noida.

Available in:

  • Max Multi Speciality Centre, Noida
  1. Dr Rajeev Ghai has 30 years of work experience.

Available in:

  • Max Multi Speciality Centre, Noida
  1. Dr Sonika Gupta, the experience of more than 20 years of in Ophthalmology

Available in:

  • Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
  • Max Multi Speciality Centre, Panchsheel Park
  • Max Smart Super Speciality Hospital, Saket
  • Max Multi Speciality Centre, Noida

The list may vary depending on your specific retinal disorder, as every eye doctor specialises in different retinal problems. So, it is always recommended to have a checkup with a regular eye doctor and know the exact problem with your eyes.

Conclusion

Retinal issues are disorders that damage the retina and frequently cause visual impairments. Most retinal diseases can be prevented or delayed if they are detected early. Therefore, regular eye exams are recommended, especially if a person is at a higher risk of retinal problems.  It is recommended that you can also immediately consult the best ophthalmologist in Mumbai if you see any changes in your eyesight. Small changes in your daily activities could also give you several benefits for your vision, such as having a healthy diet, exercising, using less of your phone and laptop, washing your eyes with cold water, etc.

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